In another respect, the Constitution gives the national government the power to raise an army a military force to defend us, the ability to collect taxes and the authority to make economic rules. Within the federal government are the three great powers: The Executive branch of the federal government is responsible for enforcing federal laws, prosecuting cases and supervising punishments. The Judicial branch is made up of the federal courts, which help to interpret the laws by deciding particular cases.
He or she is known around the world as the leader and head of the U. The Constitution spelled out powers for him such as being the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force and other special military services. In this respect, he is able to create treaties with other countries. Treaties can also be about the sale of goods between countries. Every year, the president addresses Congress and the nation to advise how we are doing.
This is referred to as the State of the Union address and it is always broadcasted on TV, radio and other media so the people can stay informed.
The President can also form special committees to perform special jobs for the common good. The Food and Drug Administration FDA for example makes sure our food meets certain qualities and remains safe for consumption. You know that men and women are elected by voting to go to Congress and represent the people.
Congress is made up of two coequal chambers: Senate and the U. There are Senators, two from each state, and Congressmen. They make up the Legislative branch and have the responsibility of making and passing laws so the nation runs smoothly and fairly. Congress also has the powers of the purse, as the ability to spend and tax. Judges and justices serve on the Supreme Court—the highest court in the land—and in special federal district courts.
The president can appoint a justice, but the Senate must approve each appointment. The Constitution says that the Judicial branch can do things the other two branches cannot, such as interpret the law to make sure that what Congress proposes is in agreement with the Constitution.
Federal courts hear cases when the U. Government sues someone or is being sued. They also decide cases when there is a disagreement between two states, such as one state claiming another is polluting their air. If people do not like a decision made in a district court, they can appeal their case to one of the 12 courts of appeals.
The three branches, Legislative, Executive and Judicial, have what is called the principle of separation of powers. The Constitution sets forth the following in regards to the judicial branch:. Although judicial review is not specifically mentioned in the Constitution, many scholars argue that the structure of the federal government and the three branches of government imply and establish the need for judicial review.
Other scholars argue that judicial review upsets the system of checks and balances by giving too much power to one branch of government. Purposes of Judicial Review. According to the Judicial Review Website, the three functions of judicial review are:. Images courtesy of wikimedia commons. The president is commander-in-chief of the United States military. The president can grant pardons. The president, with the consent of Congress, may appoint ambassadors, public ministers and consuls, and Supreme Court Justices.
The legislature has the following powers: Lay and collect taxes and duties to pay debts, provide for the common defence, and general welfare of the United States. Borrow money on the credit of the United States. Regulate commerce with foreign nations and between states. Establish uniform laws of naturalization and bankruptcy. Establish post offices and post roads. Promote science and art. Raise and support armies and navies. Suppress insurrections and repel invasions.
Make necessary and proper laws to carry out the purpose of the Constitution. Congress cannot, according to the Constitution, do the following: Suspend writs of habeus corpus. Pass any ex post facto laws or bills of attainder. Favor one state over another. Draw money from the Treasury arbitrarily. Grant titles of nobility.
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The three branches of the national government are the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. The legislative branch is the Congress. In general, their job is to make the laws for the.
Search for state homework help branches of government departments, divisions, committees, boards and commissions Free elementary, middle and high school homework help branches of government teacher resources, Get an answer for 'Of the three branches of U.S. APlus Homework Helper. It is not usual for all three branches of the federal government to impact health care in important ways. However, in recent years, all three branches have. This is because of the continuing controversy over the programs typically known as “Obamacare.” In general, it is .
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