What is the molecular evidence that humans once interbred with Neanderthals? With other now-extinct species? As men age, do they pass on genetic abnormalities to their children? Is personalized medicine based on our own genome the wave of the future? Is stem cell treatment really promising?
Will researchers really be able to use genetics to help us live both longer and healthier? Physics and Astronomy Research Ideas How old is the universe? How important is it to explore our solar system? Is space exploration really necessary? What is dark energy? What do we really know about the universe we live in? What happened in the "Big Bang? Was there ever life on Mars? Why is Pluto no longer a planet? What caused the Astroid Belt?
What has the International Space Station discovered that is most important? Is it realistic that people can live on another planet? How will private space flight companies change the future of space exploration? Should the United States return to the moon and try to go to other planets?
It has been claimed that going into space is important for scientific development. What scientific breakthroughs have come about through the space programs? What is the future of commercial space flight? What is the likelihood that a comet will strike the earth? What is the best way to detect and stop this? How can we solve the problem of "space junk"? How have meteorites changed our view of the Universe? Is it likely that there is life on other planets?
What would it take for a planet to have life? What is "Dark Matter" and why is it important? What are black holes? How has the Hubble Space Telescope changed the way we look at the Universe? What is Higgs Boson? Will it destroy the Universe? How do sunspots affect us on earth?
How will private space flight companies change the development of space resources? What is the likelihood that the Earth would be struck by a large asteroid or comet like the one believed to have killed off the dinosaurs?
What can we do about it? Should humans really make the effort to find a way to live in space or on other planets? After you have chosen your topic, you can get started writing using my other articles: How to Write a Thesis Sentence. Writing Great Topic Sentences.
Writing a Research Outline. Step-by-Step Argument Paper Writing. What is the role DNA polymerases plan in maintaining the integrity of genetic information? What are the possibilities of targeting DNA polmerases with pharmaceutical agents in cancer therapies?
What are the top 5 chemistry careers? What is the best way to capture and use carbon dioxide? What are the chemicals that trigger allergies?
How can chemists help prevent allergies? What is the best chemical process of microbrewing beer? How can atom thick graphene be used to create new technologies? What are the latest developments in the chemistry of adhesives? What are the challenges for developing environmentally-friendly plastics? Are chemicals from pharmaceuticals ending up in our water supply?
How important is biocomputing and big data to the future of chemical research? How can the bioluminescence GFP from jellyfish be used in medical applications? How can metal oxides improve cell phones? Chemists are working on making plastics from non-petroleum products.
What are some of the most promising experiements? How can the hardest crystal, boron nitride, be best used in practical applications? What is the possibility that spun sugar strands could be useful for medical purposes? How are clouds formed? What is the connection between chemicals in seawater and cloud formation?
How can research on hydrophobic-hydrophilic surfaces help create chemical coatings and how would these be best used? What is the sugar chemistry of making candy? What are Biomacromolecules and why are they important? What are important trends in medicinal chemistry research in India? Why is nuclear fusion always just out of reach? Will it ever become a useful technology?
Environment and Ecology Is it a good idea that the U. Can endangered areas and animals be saved by helping local people develop alternative economies like raising tropical fish or ecotourism? Which of the current science fiction movies is the most plausible? Why do birds have such beautifully colored feathers?
How are insects being used as models for miniature robots? Why do animals hibernate? Should disposable products be banned or limited? What is Green building? How helpful is it to the environment and is it worth the extra cost?
Should alternative energy companies get government subsidies? Is offshore drilling safe? Is recycling metal really important?? How important is climate change legislation? Is hydraulic fracking going to destroy important ecosystems? Nanotechnology Research How can microelectronics be used to help people with chronic ailments? What developments in nanotechnology are currently being made for medical applications? What is the effect of nanotechnology on research and development of medical technologies?
Can microelectronics inside of contact lenses help diabetics control their blood sugar? What is nanotechnology for medical use? How can "smart clothes" be used to help medical patients? How can nanotechnology be used to treat cancer patients?
Do the benefits of nanotechnology for medical uses outweigh the risks? What are the risks of developing nanotechnology in medicine?
How can nanotechnology be used to work with DNA? Should we use nanobots to produce and deliver drugs to human patients? Are nanofibers the answer to repairing spinal cord and brain injuries?
Should we use nanotechnology to feed ourselves? What are the challenges of nanomaterials and nano designs? How could nanomedicine be used to better treat patients in remote regions or the developing world? Can nanomedicine potentially extend the human lifespan? Will nanotechnologies make it possible for people to live in outer space?
How can nanotechnologies help us clean up toxic waste? How should nanomaterial be regulated? How can nanotechnology improve diagnostic testing in patients? Can covering surfaces with nanoparticles improve airplanes, houses, and other structures?
Is nanotechnology a viable commercial idea? Should we invest in further research and development? Is the desktop nanofabrication tool a viable option for low-cost, easy nanotechnology? Can nanomaterials be used to reduce CO2 emissions? Nanotechnology Sources to Help You Research Nanomedicine Journal is an open access journal that includes abstracts of current research as well as many free articles. Institute of Nanotechnology includes articles on the most recent developments as well as links to information on nanotechnology and reports of commercial viability.
PhysOrg links to many bio and medicine nanotechnology articles. Huge Potential But What Are the Risks has science reviews which cover a variety of new nanotechnologies and their potential for helping people, with a discussion of the possible risks. Google has developed "smart glasses" which are being tested, but the company is also interested in using microcomputers to help diabetics monitor blood sugar levels. Smart Clothes for Medical Uses: NPR interview on Science Friday with a scientist developing nanofibers which could be used to produce "smart clothes" to monitor patients with cancer and other medical conditions.
Healthcare Is stem cell research ethical? Is health care ready for the routine screening of patient DNA? What is a chimera and how could it help stem cell research?
What are the potential benefits and risks of stem cell research? Are microbes that create chemicals and antibiotics going to help us prevent infections? What is the best treatment for leukemia? How will wearable medical devices transform healthcare? Can scientists cure diseases by building new organs?
What is gene therapy? What causes skin cancer? What is the best strategy for people to avoid getting cancer? Which cancers are we closest to finding cures for? What has been the impact of colonoscopy testing on colon cancer rates? Why do so many women get breast cancer? Why is malaria such a difficult disease to eliminate? Will global warming make tropical diseases like malaria and dengue fever travel north? What is the best strategy to slow the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases?
How likely is it that a pandemic will arise that will kill large numbers of people in the world? Is it possible to predict the next pandemic? How well do childhood vaccines prevent diseases? What is the West Nile virus?
Why do people get epilepsy? How can it best be treated? Do doctors rely too much on expensive medical imaging technologies? Can memory loss and dementia be prevented? How do cells protect the body from disease?
Does Chinese traditional medicine work better than Western medicine in some cases? What is the best indicator of an increased risk of heart disease? Are they really the best way to help people stay healthy? Why are some diseases that we thought we had eradicated like the measles or whooping cough returning to infect people? Is it beneficial or harmful for wild animals to have interactions with people?
Robotics and Computer Science Topics Can robots be used to help kill invasive species? How can robotic exosuits be used in industry and business for training and increasing production? How are robots going to improve medicine? A robot can now perform a routine colonoscopy.
What is the future of surgical robots? How will self-driving cars change the way people live? Will delivery drones be bringing us our pizza and mail? Is using drones for warfare a good or bad idea? How can research on improving the artificial intelligence in robots teach us more about ourselves? Is it always bad? Can using system like bitcom help protect identity theft? What is the future of computing and artificial intelligence?
What are the important issues about privacy and big data? How is bioinformatics transforming biology? How can mining big data in the healthcare industry make us healthier?
How can computer science programs and games like Eyewire help us understand the brain? Health Science Research Sources Science: A premier publication in the field, Science has peer-reviewed research as well as information that is curated by experts.
Publishes peer-reviewed articles on biology, environment, health and physical sciences. Nature is an authoritative source for current information. If articles are difficult to read, you can search for the same information in one of the more popular journals online. Los Angeles Times Science and Health: This online science news source offers readable articles on many of the most current science topics.
You can find good ideas for topics here as well as research for your own paper. If you are required to get peer-reviewed articles, then you can search here for easy-to-read summaries and then look up the original articles online or in the library. You can search this site for articles on science topics, including health science. This site often gives you links to original articles and government reports that can help you do your research.
Contains over , articles on a variety of health topics. This site gives concise explanations of current research along with links to original papers or other information to help you further your research ideas. You can email or print the articles on this site and find out if they are from academic publications. Current Medical Research Questions What technologies are in development to help people who are paralyzed?
How does sleep deprivation affect health? Should sugar be regulated like a drug? What are the benefits and disadvantages of individual genome profiling? What is the Human Connectome Project and how will mapping of the human brain contribute to scientific knowledge?
Are some cancers caused by genes? Who are the Denisovans and how does their discovery alter our view of human evolution? Can we develop an anti-cancer vaccine? What can we do about crops which absorb toxins, such as the recent discovery of arsenic-tainted rice? What is the ideal weight for longevity? What is the connection between diet and lifespan? Are we really in a post-antibiotic era as the CDC recently announced?
What does this mean? Should scientific publication and grant systems be changed to give private citizens and younger scientists a voice if they have good ideas?
Which diet choice is better: How can polio be eradicated? Why has the disease resurfaced? How important are the bacteria living in your bowels? How close are computers to mimicking the human brain? How can video games be used to solve scientific problems? Do cell phones or microwaves cause cancer? Psychology and Neurobiology Issues Is autism a kind of brain damage?
How can we help autistic savants become productive members of society? Why do we sleep? How much sleep do we really need? How is sleep related to memory? How did human speech develop? Are there clues we can find in researching primate social interactions? How do we remember things? How reliable are our memories in recalling how things really happened? What is the importance of time and space in brain development and disease? Why do mothers protect their young and even risk their lives? How does our brain really work?
What is mental illness? Is there something we can learn from these different sorts of mental states? How does language reveal stress responses? Your Science Interest Which of the following areas of science research do you find most interesting? Any of the topics on this Which question about cancer could I consider as possible topics for a research paper? Here are some interesting cancer research topics: What is the best new treatment for pancreatic cancer?
Is gene therapy a good choice for cancer patients? Are there any holistic or alternative therapies that help cancer patients? What is the best diet and exercise plan to prevent cancer? Should the cost of cancer therapy be considered by patients when choosing a therapy?
Why is it so hard to find cures for cancer? When is cancer screening most useful, effective or preventative? Can I have scientific topics for grades 6 to 7? For a couple of quick ideas, try the following: Which DNA testing service is the best?
How will DNA sequencing change health care? What are some possible topics on biology for a science research paper? You can also find some easier topics in the life science in these articles: What is the easiest science topic for a research paper? To pick the easiest topic for you, choose one that: Is interesting to you. Is a topic you already know something about. Is something you have an opinion about. Is it possible to have Do you have science research topics that involve asking the opinion of people?
Science interview questions could be: What do you think about the topic of creation vs. How important do you think it is to have your DNA sequenced for science? Would you be willing to donate your body to science after you die? How do colors affect your mood? What do you think is the most important medical discovery in your lifetime?
Can you suggest some research topics in regards to civil engineering? What is the best way to do seismic auditing and retrofitting of old buildings? Is fiber reinforced cement and composites a good choice? If so, which is the best? How do we best develop sustainable technologies for infrastructure? How will nanotechnology be helpful in civil engineering in the near future?
What is the best method of construction management? How will geoinformatics transform civil engineering? What is ecological engineering and how do we best practice it? Can you suggest an interesting topic for an editorial paper about diseases? Here are some ideas: What will be the next pandemic we need to worry about? How will climate change increase mosquito-borne diseases worldwide? What is the most effective way to prevent common diseases like the cold and flu?
Should everyone get the flu vaccine? Can you suggest some research that also has a benefit for society? Any suggestions for a research study at grade 9 level?
Can you suggest research topics regarding energy? Can you suggest research topics in physical chemistry? What are the newest advances in battery science? What is the most promising direction for increasing battery technology? How will organic lead halide perovskites affect photovoltaics? How is perovskite solar cell research impacting many scientific disciplines? How will physical chemistry play a role in excited-state dynamics? How will advances in density functional theory be used? Can you suggest a scientific topic for a literature review?
Where do I begin? To make your project unique, it helps to tackle a real-world problem. Here is an example: For more information about how to write a research paper, see my articles: What are some temperature related science topics that would be good to research?
How has the temperature of our planet changed during recorded history? What causes the change in the temperature at the poles? Why does the Earth have such a small temperature range compared to other planets? How do people inherit What are some of the biology topics in the Board 12 exam in India? In , some of the topics covered on the examination included topics such as: How can wastewater be best treated? What are good ways to enrich the soil for agriculture?
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We do it because we are motivated and envision how a perfect custom writing service should look like. When you are forced to see only a small portion of your writing, you are less likely to get distracted and are more likely to notice problems.
You will end up spotting more unnecessary words, wrongly worded phrases, or unparallel constructions. After you apply all these strategies, you are ready to share your writing with your friends, colleagues, and a writing advisor in the writing center. Get as much feedback as you can, especially from non-specialists in your field. You may decide what you want to change and how after you receive the feedback and sort it in your head.
Even though some researchers make the revision an endless process and can hardly stop after a 14th draft; having from five to seven drafts of your paper is a norm in the sciences. It is late at night again. You are still in your lab finishing revisions and getting ready to submit your paper. You will submit your paper tomorrow, and regardless of the outcome, you know that you can do it. If one journal does not take your paper, you will take advantage of the feedback and resubmit again.
You will have a publication, and this is the most important achievement. What is even more important is that you have your scheduled writing time that you are going to keep for your future publications, for reading and taking notes, for writing grants, and for reviewing papers.
You are not going to lose stamina this time, and you will become a productive scientist. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Yale J Biol Med. To whom all correspondence should be addressed: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License, which permits for noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any digital medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not altered in any way.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Writing a research manuscript is an intimidating process for many novice writers in the sciences. Schedule your writing time in Outlook Whether you have written papers or you are struggling with your first, starting the process is the most difficult part unless you have a rigid writing schedule. Create regular time blocks for writing as appointments in your calendar and keep these appointments.
Start with an outline Now that you have scheduled time, you need to decide how to start writing. Table 1 Outline — Level 1. What is the topic of my paper? Why is this topic important? How could I formulate my hypothesis? What are my results include visuals? What is my major finding? Open in a separate window. Table 2 Outline — Level 2. Why is your research important? What is known about the topic? What are your hypotheses?
What are your objectives? Materials and Methods 1. What materials did you use? Who were the subjects of your study? What was the design of your research? What procedure did you follow? What are your most significant results? What are your supporting results?
Discussion and Conclusions 1. What are the studies major findings? Create a detailed outline and discuss it with your mentor and peers. Continue with drafts After you get enough feedback and decide on the journal you will submit to, the process of real writing begins.
Starting with Materials and Methods If you still struggle with starting a paper, then write the Materials and Methods section first.
So do not run into the same problems as the writers of the sentences in 1: Bacteria were pelleted by centrifugation. To isolate T cells, lymph nodes were collected. The sentences can be improved when information is added, as in 2a and 2b , respectfully: Stem cells were isolated, according to Johnson . Be meticulous and accurate in describing the Materials and Methods. Do not change the point of view within one paragraph.
Writing Results Section For many authors, writing the Results section is more intimidating than writing the Materials and Methods section. Table 3 clearly shows that … 7b. It is obvious from figure 4 that … Another source of wordiness is nominalizations, i. We tested the hypothesis that there is a disruption of membrane asymmetry.
In this paper we provide an argument that stem cells repopulate injured organs. We tested the hypothesis that the membrane asymmetry is disrupted. In this paper we argue that stem cells repopulate injured organs. Be clear, concise, and objective in describing your Results. Table 3 Moves in Research Paper Introductions. Establish a research territory a.
Show that the general research area is important, central, interesting, and problematic in some way; Move 2. Find a niche a. Indicate a gap in the previous research, or extend previous knowledge in some way. Occupy the niche a. Outline purposes or state the nature of the present research; b. List research questions or hypotheses; c.
Announce principle findings; d. State the value of the present research; e. Indicate the structure of the research paper.
Interest your reader in the Introduction section by signalling all its elements and stating the novelty of the work. Discussion of the results For many scientists, writing a Discussion section is as scary as starting a paper. Table 4 Moves in Research Paper Discussions. Explain the meaning and importance of your finding. Consider alternative explanations of the findings.
Compare and contrast your findings with those of other published results. Explain any discrepancies and unexpected findings. State the limitations, weaknesses, and assumptions of your study. Closing the paper a. Summarize the answers to the research questions. Indicate the importance of the work by stating applications, recommendations, and implications.
Present the principles, relationships, and generalizations in a concise and convincing tone. Choosing the best working revision strategies Now that you have created the first draft, your attitude toward your writing should have improved.
Revise your paper at the macrostructure and the microstructure level using different strategies and techniques. Receive feedback and revise again. It is time to submit It is late at night again. The Science of Writing: Theories, Methods, Individual Differences, and Applications. A new framework for understanding cognition and affect in writing; pp.
How to Write a Lot. American Psychological Association; Pleasant music overcomes the loss of awareness in patients with visual neglect. Scientific Writing and Communication. Papers, Proposals, and Presentations. Oxford University Press; Essentials of Writing Biomedical Research Papers. Journal of Second Language Writing. Frequency And Discourse Functions. On the use of the passive in two astrophysics journal papers with extensions to other languages and other fields.
English for Specific Purposes. Writing in the sciences:
However, interpretations gradually and secretly creep into research papers: “Reducing the data, generalizing from the data, and highlighting scientific cases are all highly interpretive processes. It should be clear by now that we do not let the data speak for themselves in research reports; in summarizing our results, we interpret them for.
format for the paper Scientific research articles provide a method for scientists to communicate with other scientists about the results of their research. A standard format is used for these articles, in which the author presents the research in an orderly, logical manner.
Jan 19, · Science Topics for Research Papers. Updated on May 15, Virginia Kearney. What you need to do is to research the scientific papers that have been done in the past five years or so on that topic. Helpful 1. Use my information about how to write a research paper to help you finish your project. Helpful topboxfrify.tks: 11 steps to structuring a science paper editors will take seriously State the purpose of the paper and research strategy adopted to answer the question, but do not mix introduction with results, discussion and conclusion. For example, here you can include technical help and assistance with writing and proofreading. Probably, the most.
Use our sample 'Sample Scientific Research Paper.' Read it or download it for free. Free help from wikiHow. Resources for Finding and Accessing Scientific Papers When you start your background research, Read on for help finding the full paper. How to Get a Copy of a Scientific Paper. Once you've found the citation for a paper that is relevant to your advanced science project, the next step is actually getting a copy so that you can read it.